Dołączył: 16 Lis 2020
|Wysłany: 19 Lis 2020 06:34 Temat postu: Azerbaijan country profile
|Azerbaijan country profile
Oil-rich Azerbaijan has slot redefined itself over the past two decades from a struggling newly independent state to a major regional energy player.
Deals with international energy producers have allowed the country to use its energy revenues to create a government-run fund involved in international projects. It has also used its resources to rebuild its army, which is seen as a government priority as the country grapples with the breakaway territory of Nagorno-Karabakh.
Despite its wealth and increased influence in the wider region, poverty and corruption continue to overshadow the country's development.
A government crackdown on human rights advocates and journalists has raised concern that Azerbaijan's embryonic democracy is under threat.
Ilham Aliyev took over as president from his father Heydar in 2003, and secured his latest term in 2018 in an election which Western observers said fell short of democratic standards.
In 2016 a referendum extended the powers of the president - including a controversial proposal to lower of the age limit for presidential candidates. The opposition said the move was aimed at cementing the rule of President Aliyev's family, with his 19-year-old-son as a potential heir.
Under his rule, Azerbaijan has increased its international profile, including hosting the Eurovision Song Contest in 2012 and the Baku European Games in 2015.
It also scored a major military success in late 2020, when it recaptured territory in and around Nagorno-Karabakh.